Kite Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Kite Pharma, Inc. (Form: 10-Q, Received: 08/14/2014 17:22:31)

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2014

OR

¨

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from            to          

Commission file number: 001-36508

 

KITE PHARMA, INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

Delaware

 

27-1524986

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

2225 Colorado Avenue

Santa Monica, California

 

90404

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(Zip Code)

(310) 824-9999

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   ¨     No   x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files) .     Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer

 

¨

  

Accelerated filer

 

¨

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

x (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

  

Smaller reporting company

 

¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   ¨     No   x

As of August 11, 2014, the number of outstanding shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share, was 38,314,098.

 

 

 

 

 


 

KITE PHARMA, INC.

FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTER ENDED JUNE 30, 2014

INDEX

 

 

Page

Part I — Financial Information

2

 

Item 1. Condensed Financial Statements - Unaudited

2

 

Condensed Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013

2

 

Condensed Statements of Operations for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013

3

 

Condensed Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity from January 1, 2014 to June 30, 2014

4

 

Condensed Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013

5

 

Notes to the Condensed Financial Statements

6

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

20

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

25

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

26

 

Part II — Other Information

27

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

27

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

27

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

55

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

57

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

57

 

Item 5. Other Information

57

 

Item 6. Exhibits

58

 

Signatures

59

 

 

 

 


 

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

KITE PHARMA, INC.

CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share amounts)

 

 

JUNE 30, 2014

 

 

DECEMBER 31,

 

 

(UNAUDITED)

 

 

2013

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

203,397

 

 

$

22,357

 

Prepaid expenses

 

796

 

 

 

241

 

Total current assets

 

204,193

 

 

 

22,598

 

Property and equipment, net

 

1,200

 

 

 

274

 

Other assets

 

211

 

 

 

110

 

Total assets

$

205,604

 

 

$

22,982

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

2,751

 

 

$

382

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

1,297

 

 

 

980

 

Options early exercise liability

 

817

 

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

 

4,865

 

 

 

1,362

 

Deferred rent

 

75

 

 

 

39

 

Options early exercise noncurrent liability

 

1,747

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

6,687

 

 

 

1,401

 

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series A Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value, 0 and 20,474,452 shares authorized, 0 and 20,315,397 issued and outstanding (liquidation value of $0 and $39,082) as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively

 

 

 

 

20

 

Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value, 10,000,000 and 0 shares authorized, 0 issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value, 200,000,000 and 75,000,000 shares authorized, 38,314,098 and 5,527,816 shares issued and outstanding, excluding 2,195,754 and 0 shares subject to repurchase at June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively

 

38

 

 

 

6

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

234,813

 

 

 

36,990

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(35,934

)

 

 

(15,435

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

198,917

 

 

 

21,581

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

205,604

 

 

$

22,982

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed financial statements

 

 

 

2


 

KITE PHARMA, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THREE MONTHS ENDED

 

 

SIX MONTHS ENDED

 

 

 

JUNE 30,

 

 

JUNE 30,

 

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

$

7,424

 

 

$

1,146

 

 

$

9,516

 

 

$

2,022

 

 

General and administrative

 

3,716

 

 

 

287

 

 

 

4,786

 

 

 

500

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

11,140

 

 

 

1,433

 

 

 

14,302

 

 

 

2,522

 

 

Loss from operations

 

(11,140

)

 

 

(1,433

)

 

 

(14,302

)

 

 

(2,522

)

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

47

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

68

 

 

 

9

 

 

Interest expense

 

(6,266

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(6,266

)

 

 

(4

)

 

Other income (expense)

 

1

 

 

 

(7

)

 

 

1

 

 

 

19

 

 

Total other income (expense)

 

(6,218

)

 

 

(4

)

 

 

(6,197

)

 

 

24

 

 

Net loss

 

(17,358

)

 

 

(1,437

)

 

 

(20,499

)

 

 

(2,498

)

 

Series A preferred stock dividend

 

(532

)

 

 

(297

)

 

 

(1,089

)

 

 

(297

)

 

Net loss attributable to common stockholders

$

(17,890

)

 

$

(1,734

)

 

$

(21,588

)

 

$

(2,795

)

 

Net loss per share, basic and diluted

$

(2.27

)

 

$

(0.32

)

 

$

(3.20

)

 

$

(0.51

)

 

Weighted-average shares outstanding, basic and diluted

 

7,890,029

 

 

 

5,459,066

 

 

 

6,737,169

 

 

 

5,446,014

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed financial statements

 

 

 

3


 

KITE PHARMA, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

January 1, 2014 to June 30, 2014

(In thousands, except share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

 

SERIES A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SECURITIES

 

 

ADDITIONAL

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL

 

 

PREFERRED STOCK

 

 

COMMON STOCK

 

 

CONVERTIBLE

 

 

PAIN-IN

 

 

ACCUMULATED

 

 

STOCKHOLDERS’

 

 

SHARES

 

 

AMOUNT

 

 

SHARES

 

 

AMOUNT

 

 

INTO EQUITY

 

 

CAPITAL

 

 

DEFICIT

 

 

EQUITY

 

Balance at January 1, 2014

 

20,315,397

 

 

$

21

 

 

 

5,527,816

 

 

$

5

 

 

$

 

 

$

36,990

 

 

$

(15,435

)

 

$

21,581

 

Stock based compensation for services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,241

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,241

 

Stock option exercise

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

466,641

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

354

 

 

 

 

 

 

354

 

Issuance of common stock in initial public offering, net

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,625,000

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

134,119

 

 

 

 

 

 

134,128

 

Conversion of convertible notes into common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,300,735

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

50,498

 

 

 

 

 

 

50,501

 

Conversion of preferred stock into common stock

 

(20,315,397

)

 

 

(21

)

 

 

20,315,397

 

 

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

                 —

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Payment of preferred stock dividend in common stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

78,509

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Convertible securities beneficial conversion feature

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,611

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,611

 

Net loss, six months ended June 30, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(20,499

)

 

 

(20,499

)

Balance at June 30, 2014

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

38,314,098

 

 

$

38

 

 

$

 

 

$

234,813

 

 

$

(35,934

)

 

$

198,917

 

  

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed financial statements

 

 

 

4


 

KITE PHARMA, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30,

 

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

$

(20,499

)

 

$

(2,498

)

 

Adjustment to reconcile net loss to net cash from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

76

 

 

 

4

 

 

Stock-based compensation

 

7,241

 

 

 

30

 

 

Change in fair value of derivative liability

 

 

 

 

(18

)

 

Noncash interest expense on convertible notes

 

6,113

 

 

 

4

 

 

Deferred rent

 

36

 

 

 

(5

)

 

Loss on disposal of assets

 

(1

)

 

 

 

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses

 

(557

)

 

 

(25

)

 

Other assets

 

(99

)

 

 

(91

)

 

Accounts payable

 

1,199

 

 

 

218

 

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

(67

)

 

 

60

 

 

Net cash from operating activities

 

(6,558

)

 

 

(2,321

)

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchase of property and equipment

 

(1,002

)

 

 

(1

)

 

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Initial public offering costs

 

(10,943

)

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

 

146,625

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 

2,918

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of preferred stock, net

 

 

 

 

19,597

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of convertible notes

 

50,000

 

 

 

 

 

Net cash from financing activities

 

188,600

 

 

 

19,597

 

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

 

181,040

 

 

 

17,275

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

 

22,357

 

 

 

8,651

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

203,397

 

 

$

25,926

 

 

Supplemental schedule of cash flows information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

$

 

 

$

 

 

Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accrued offering costs

$

1,554

 

 

$

 

 

Discount from conversion of securities convertible into equity

$

5,612

 

 

$

254

 

 

Conversion of convertible securities into equity

$

2,525

 

 

$

2,647

 

 

Conversion of convertible notes and accrued interest into equity

$

50,501

 

 

$

15,000

 

 

   

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed financial statements

 

 

 

5


 

KITE PHARMA, INC.

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

June 30, 2014

 

NOTE 1—BUSINESS AND NATURE OF OPERATIONS

Nature of Operations

Kite Pharma, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated on June 1, 2009 in the State of Delaware. The Company is a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the development and commercialization of novel cancer immunotherapy products designed to harness the power of a patient’s own immune system to eradicate cancer cells. The Company is developing multiple product candidates using its engineered autologous cell therapy (“eACT”), which involves the genetic engineering of T cells to express either chimeric antigen receptors (“CARs”) or T cell receptors (“TCRs”).

The Company’s headquarters and operations are in Santa Monica, California. Since commencing operations, the Company has devoted substantially all of its efforts to securing intellectual property rights, performing research and development activities, including clinical trials, in collaboration with the Surgery Branch of the National Cancer Institute (“NCI”), hiring personnel, and raising capital to support and expand these activities.

Initial Public Offering

The Company completed its initial public offering (“IPO”) in June 2014, pursuant to which it issued 8,625,000 shares of common stock, which included shares issued pursuant to the underwriters’ full exercise of their option to purchase 1,125,000 additional shares, and received net proceeds of $134.1 million, after underwriting discounts, commissions and offering expenses. In addition, in connection with the completion of the IPO, all then outstanding convertible preferred stock and accrued dividends (see Note 7), and convertible notes and accrued interest thereon converted into 23,694,641 shares of common stock (see Note 6).

 

NOTE 2—BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND MANAGEMENT PLANS

The Company has not generated any revenue from the sale of products since its inception. The Company has experienced net losses since its inception and has an accumulated deficit of $35.9 million and $15.4 million as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively. The Company expects to incur losses and have negative net cash flows from operating activities as it expands its portfolio and engages in further research and development activities, particularly conducting preclinical studies and clinical trials.

The accompanying unaudited Condensed Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the accompanying Condensed Financial Statements contain all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals and adjustments) necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the Company at the dates and for the periods indicated. Certain amounts included in prior captions have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s classification. The interim results for the period ended June 30, 2014 are not necessarily indicative of results for the full 2014 fiscal year or any other future interim periods.

The success of the Company depends on its ability to develop its technologies to the point of U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) approval and subsequent revenue generation or through the sale, merger, or other transfer of all or substantially all of the Company’s assets and, accordingly, to raise enough capital to finance these developmental efforts. In the future, management will need to raise additional capital to finance the continued operating and capital requirements of the Company. Any amounts raised will be used to further develop the Company’s technologies, acquire additional product licenses and for other working capital purposes. There can be no assurances that the Company will be able to secure such additional financing, or if available, that it will be sufficient to meet its needs. If the Company cannot obtain adequate working capital, it will be forced to curtail its planned business operations.

 

 

6


 

NOTE 3—SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Accordingly, actual results could differ from those estimates.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents consist primarily of bank money market accounts and are stated at cost, which approximates fair value.

Patent Costs

The costs related to acquiring patents and to prosecuting and maintaining intellectual property rights are expensed as incurred due to the uncertainty surrounding the drug development process and the uncertainty of future benefits. Expenses related to patents were $(7,575) and $77,903 for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and were $152,969 and $87,903 for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

Deferred Offering Costs

The Company accounts for costs directly incurred in the issue of equity shares such as underwriting, accounting and legal fees and printing costs as deferred offering costs under current assets on the balance sheet. At the closing of the equity financing, the costs are recorded as a reduction of the proceeds. Financing costs incurred in connection with the Company’s debt securities are capitalized at the inception of the notes and amortized to interest expense over the expected life of the respective note.

Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consist of the following as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

JUNE 30, 2014

 

 

DECEMBER 31, 2013

 

Accrued compensation costs

$

560

 

 

$

397

 

Accrued professional fees

 

295

 

 

 

 

Accrued past patent expense reimbursement

 

55

 

 

 

440

 

Accrued research and development costs

 

197

 

 

 

53

 

Accrued other expense

 

4

 

 

 

19

 

Accrued related party costs

 

186

 

 

 

71

 

Total accrued expenses and other current liabilities

$

1,297

 

 

$

980

 

  

Research and Development

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. Clinical trial and other development costs incurred by third parties are expensed as the contracted work is performed. The Company accrues for costs incurred as the services are being provided by monitoring the status of the trial or project and the invoices received from its external service providers. The Company adjusts its accrual as actual costs become known. Where contingent milestone payments are due to third parties under research and development arrangements or license agreements, the milestone payment obligations are expensed when the milestone results are achieved.

7


 

Stock-Based Compensation

Stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award and is recognized as expense over the required service period, which is generally equal to the vesting period. Stock-based compensation is recognized only for those awards that are ultimately expected to vest. Common stock, stock options, and warrants or other equity instruments issued as consideration for goods or services received by the Company to non-employees, including consultants and members of the Company’s Scientific Advisory Board, are accounted for based on the fair value of the equity instruments issued unless the fair value of the consideration received can be more reliably measured. The fair value of stock options is determined using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The fair value of any options issued to non-employees is recorded as expense as the shares vest. Proceeds from options exercised by employees prior to vesting pursuant to an early exercise provision, the related shares of which the Company has the option to repurchase prior to the vesting date should employment of the early exercised option holder be terminated, are recognized as a liability until the shares vest.

Net Loss per Common Share

Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss attributable to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted net loss per share is computed similarly to basic net loss per share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the potential common shares had been issued and if the additional common shares were dilutive. In addition, the net loss attributable to common stockholders is adjusted for Series A Preferred Stock dividends for the periods in which Series A Preferred Stock is outstanding.

For all periods presented, potentially dilutive securities are excluded from the computation of fully diluted loss per share as their effect is anti-dilutive.

As of June 30, 2014 and 2013, potentially dilutive securities include:

 

 

JUNE 30,

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

Series A Preferred Stock

 

 

 

 

20,315,397

 

Warrants to purchase convertible preferred stock

 

159,049

 

 

 

 

Unvested early exercise options

 

2,195,754

 

 

 

 

Options to purchase common stock

 

4,087,906

 

 

 

577,500

 

Total

 

6,442,709

 

 

 

20,892,897

 

  

The unvested early exercised options represent stock options that were exercised pursuant to an early exercise provision in the option agreements of certain employees. The Company has the option to repurchase these shares should these employees not vest in them prior to their termination from the Company.

 

As of June 30, 2014 and 2013, the following table details those securities which have been excluded from the computation of potentially dilutive securities as their exercise prices are greater than the fair market price per common share as of June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

 

JUNE 30,

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

Warrants to purchase convertible preferred stock

 

 

 

 

159,049

 

 

Amounts in the tables above reflect the common stock equivalents of the noted instruments.  

8


 

The following table summarizes the calculation of unaudited basic and diluted loss per common share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 (in thousands, except share and per share amounts):

 

 

 

 

 

THREE MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30,

 

 

SIX MONTHS ENDED

JUNE 30,

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

$

(17,358

)

 

$

(1,437

)

 

$

(20,499

)

 

$

(2,498

)

Series A Preferred Stock Dividends

 

(532

)

 

 

          (297

)

 

 

(1,089

)

            

 

                 (297

)

Net loss attributable to common shareholders

$

(17,890

)

 

$

(1,734

)

 

$

(21,588

)

 

$

(2,795

)

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding

 

10,250,287

 

 

 

5,459,066

 

 

 

7,923,818

 

 

 

5,446,014

 

Less: weighted-average unvested common shares subject to repurchase

 

(2,360,259

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1,186,649

)

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares used to compute net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted

 

7,890,029

 

 

 

5,459,066

 

 

 

6,737,169

 

 

 

5,446,014

 

Net loss per common share attributable to common stockholders, basic
and diluted

$

(2.27

)

 

$

(0.32

)

 

$

(3.20

)

 

$

(0.51

)

 

 

 

 

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-10, which eliminates the financial reporting distinction between development stage entities and other reporting entities, thereby eliminating the requirements to present inception-to-date information in the statements of operations and stockholders’ equity and cash flow, or label the financial statements as those of a development stage entity. The Company has elected to early adopt this guidance, as permitted, for its financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2014, including this quarterly report, and therefore has no longer labeled its financial statements as those of a development stage entity or included any inception-to-date information.

 

 

NOTE 4—PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

Property and equipment, consists of the following as of June 30, 2014 and 2013 (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

JUNE 30,

 

 

DECEMBER 31,

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

Laboratory equipment

$

848

 

 

$

244

 

Computer equipment and software

 

100

 

 

 

22

 

Office equipment and furniture

 

124

 

 

 

29

 

Leasehold improvements

 

232

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

1,304

 

 

 

302

 

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization

 

(104

)

 

 

(28

)

 

$

1,200

 

 

$

274

 

  

Depreciation and amortization expense was $48,117 and $2,040 for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and was $76,325 and $4,057, for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

 

NOTE 5—LICENSE AGREEMENTS AND CRADA

CAIX License Agreement

In February 2011, the Company entered into a license agreement with The Regents of the University of California (the “Regents”) (the “UCLA License Agreement”) to acquire the exclusive rights to develop and commercialize GM-CAIX, an antigen believed to have use in the field of, but not limited to, cancer immunotherapy (the “Licensed Product”). The Regents is the governing body of the University of California.

9


 

Upon execution of the UCLA License Agreement, the Company made an aggregate one-time cash payment to the Regents  of $10,000 which was expensed as research and development expense and agreed to reimburse the Regents for past patent expenses totaling $166,000 in 24 monthly installments commencing on February 9, 2013. Additionally, the Company issued to the Regents 27,400 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, valued at $10,412. The Company is required to make performance-based cash payments upon successful completion of clinical and regulatory milestones relating to the Licensed Product in the United States, Europe and Japan. The aggregate potential milestone payments are $2.2 million, of which $2.0 million is due only after marketing approval in the United States, Europe and Japan. The first milestone payment will be due upon the dosing of the first patient in the first Phase 2 clinical study of a Licensed Product in the United States. The Company was not required to make any milestone payments for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 and does not expect to make any milestone payments during 2014. The expenses the Company recognized in connection with the UCLA agreement were $(2,469) and $20,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and were $14,119 and $35,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. As of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company had approximately $70,720 and $117,200 recorded in accounts payable and accrued expenses due to the Regents, respectively.

Cooperative Research and Development Agreement with the NCI

In August 2012, the Company entered into a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (the “CRADA”) with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, as represented by the NCI for the research and development of novel engineered peripheral blood autologous T cell therapeutics for the treatment of multiple cancer indications. This collaboration with the Surgery Branch at the NCI, provides the Company with access to inventions resulting from the CRADA work relating to the current and future clinical product pipeline of autologous peripheral blood T cells, engineered with the NCI’s proprietary tumor-specific TCRs and CARs, directed to multiple hematological and solid tumor types. The CRADA will help support the development of certain technologies licensed from the National Institutes of Health (“NIH”) (see below). Pursuant to the CRADA, the NCI will provide scientific staff and other support necessary to conduct research and related activities as described in the CRADA.

The CRADA has a five-year term commencing August 31, 2012 and expiring on August 30, 2017. During the term of the agreement, the Company will make quarterly payments of $250,000 to the NCI for support of research activities. Total expenses recognized under the CRADA were $250,000 and $250,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and were $500,000 and $500,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.  

Pursuant to the terms of the CRADA, the Company has agreed to hold the NCI harmless and to indemnify the NCI from all liabilities, demands, damages, expenses and losses arising out of the Company’s use for any purpose of the data generated, materials produced or inventions discovered in whole or in part by NCI employees under the CRADA, unless due to their negligence or willful misconduct. The CRADA may be terminated at any time upon the mutual written consent of the Company and NCI. The Company or NCI may unilaterally terminate the CRADA at any time by providing written notice at least 60 days before the desired termination date.

Pursuant to the terms of the CRADA, the Company has an option to elect to negotiate an exclusive or nonexclusive commercialization license to any inventions discovered in the performance of the CRADA, whether solely by an NCI employee or jointly with a Company employee for which a patent application has been filed.

The parties jointly own any inventions and materials that are jointly produced by employees of both parties in the course of performing activities under the CRADA.

2013 NIH License Agreement

Pursuant to a patent license agreement with the NIH, dated April 11, 2013, the Company holds an exclusive, worldwide license to certain intellectual property, including intellectual property related to a CAR-based product candidate that targets the EGFRvIII antigen for the treatment of brain cancer, head and neck cancer, and melanoma, and a TCR-based product candidate that targets the SSX2 CTA for the treatment of head and neck cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, melanoma, prostate cancer, and sarcoma. The Company has a co-exclusive license to intellectual property related to these product candidates for the treatment of certain other cancers. The Company may require an additional license relating to the EGFRvIII scFv target binding site from a third-party in order to commercialize a CAR-based product candidate that targets the EGFRvIII antigen.  

Pursuant to the terms of the NIH License, the Company is required to pay the NIH a one-time cash payment in the aggregate amount of $200,000, two-thirds of which shall be payable to the NIH within 60 days of execution of the NIH License and one-third of which will be payable upon the earlier to occur of (a) 18 months from the date of execution of the NIH License and (b) the termination of the NIH License. The Company will also reimburse the NIH for past patent expenses in the aggregate amount of approximately $58,000, with half of this amount paid during 2013 and the balance paid in May 2014.


10


 

The Company is also required to pay the NIH minimum annual royalties in the amount of $20,000. The first minimum annual royalty payment is payable on the date that is 60 days following the expiration of the CRADA, and thereafter shall be payable on each January 1 st .

The Company is also required to make performance-based cash payments upon successful completion of clinical and regulatory benchmarks relating to the products covered by the NIH license (“Licensed Products”). The aggregate potential clinical and regulatory benchmark payments are $8.1 million, of which $6.0 million is due only after marketing approval in the United States, Europe, Japan, China or India. The first benchmark payment of $50,000 will be due upon the commencement of the first company sponsored human clinical study of a Licensed Product in the United States. The Company was not required to make any benchmark payments during 2013 or in the six months ended June 30, 2014.

In addition, the Company must also pay the NIH royalties on net sales of Licensed Products at rates in the mid-single digits. The Company is also required to pay NIH benchmark payments based upon aggregate net sales of Licensed Products, which amount will equal up to $7.0 million following aggregate net sale of $1.0 billion. To the extent the Company enters into a sublicensing agreement relating to the Licensed Products, the Company is required to pay the NIH a percentage of all consideration received from a sublicensee, which percentage will decrease based on the stage of development of the Licensed Products at the time of the sublicense. Sublicense payments shall be in lieu of, and not in addition to, benchmark payments.

The license will expire upon expiration of the last patent contained in the licensed patent rights, unless terminated earlier. None of the applications included in the NIH licensed patent rights have issued yet. Any patents issuing from these applications will have a base expiration date no earlier than 2031. The NIH may terminate or modify the NIH license in the event of a material breach, including if the Company does not meet certain milestones by certain dates, or upon certain insolvency events that remain uncured following the date that is 90 days following written notice of such breach or insolvency event. The Company may terminate the license, or any portion thereof, at its sole discretion at any time upon 60 days written notice to the NIH. In addition, the NIH has the right to require the Company to sublicense the rights to the product candidates covered by this license upon certain conditions, including if the Company is not reasonably satisfying required health and safety needs or if the Company is not satisfying requirements for public use as specified by federal regulations.

The expenses recognized under the NIH License were $0 and $191,237 for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and $0 and $191,237 for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, with approximately $0 and $29,000 recorded as accounts payable as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively.

Cabaret License

On December 12, 2013, the Company entered into an exclusive, worldwide license agreement, including the right to grant sublicenses, with Cabaret Biotech Ltd. (“Cabaret”) and Dr. Zelig Eshhar relating to certain intellectual property and know-how (the “Licensed IP”) owned or controlled by Cabaret (the “Cabaret License”) for use in the treatment of oncology and such other fields as may be agreed to by the parties. Should Cabaret propose to enter into an agreement with a third party relating to the use of the Licensed IP outside of oncology (“Additional Indications”), then Cabaret shall notify the Company in writing and the Company shall have a 60-day right of first negotiation to acquire a license to the Licensed IP in such Additional Indications.

Pursuant to the Cabaret License, the Company made a one-time cash payment to Dr. Eshhar in the amount of $25,000 and reimbursed Dr. Eshhar for past patent expenses totaling $350,000. The Company shall be required to make cash milestone payments upon successful completion of clinical and regulatory milestones in the United States and certain major European countries relating to each product covered by the Cabaret License (each, a “Cabaret Licensed Product”). The aggregate potential milestone payments are $3.9 million for each of the first two Cabaret Licensed Products, of which $3.0 million is due only after marketing approval in the United States and at least one major European country. Thereafter, for each subsequent Cabaret Licensed Product such aggregate milestone payments shall be reduced to $2.7 million. The first milestone payment will be due upon the acceptance of an investigational new drug application by the FDA for the first Cabaret Licensed Product. The Company has also agreed to pay Cabaret royalties on net sales of Cabaret Licensed Products at rates in the mid-single digits. Prior to the first commercial sale of a Cabaret Licensed Product, the Company will pay Cabaret an annual license fee equal to $30,000. To the extent the Company enters into a sublicensing agreement relating to a Cabaret Licensed Product, the Company will be required to pay Dr. Eshhar a percentage of all non-royalty income received from such sublicensee, which percentage will decrease based upon the stage of development of the Cabaret Licensed Product at the time of sublicensing.

11


 

The Company has agreed to defend, indemnify and hold Dr. Eshhar, Cabaret, its affiliates, directors, officers, employees and agents, and if applicable certain other parties, harmless from all losses, liabilities, damages and expenses (including attorneys’ fees and costs) incurred as a result of any claim, demand, action or proceeding to the extent resulting from (a) any breach of the Cabaret License by the Company or its sublicensees, (b) the gross negligence or willful misconduct of the Company or its sublicensees in the performance of its obligations under this Cabaret License, or (c) the manufacture, development, use or sale of Cabaret Licensed Products by the Company or its sublicensees, except in each case to the extent arising from the gross negligence or willful misconduct of Cabaret or Dr. Eshhar or the breach of this Agreement by Dr. Eshhar or Cabaret.

The Cabaret License shall expire on a product-by-product and country-by-country basis on the date on which the Company, its affiliates and sublicensees permanently cease to research, develop, sell and commercialize the Cabaret Licensed Products in such country. Either party may terminate the Cabaret License in the event of a material breach of the agreement that remains uncured following the date that is 60 days from the date that the breaching party is provided with written notice by the non-breaching party. Additionally, the Company may terminate the Cabaret License at its sole discretion at any time upon 30 days written notice to Cabaret and Dr. Eshhar, provided, however, that if the Company elects to terminate the Cabaret License for convenience at any time prior to the third anniversary of the Cabaret License, then the Company shall pay Cabaret a termination fee equal to $500,000.

As part of the Cabaret License, during April 2014, the Company entered into a sponsored research agreement (the “Grant Agreement”) with The Medical Research, Infrastructure, and Health Services Fund of the Tel Aviv Medical Center (the “Fund”) pursuant to which Dr. Eshhar shall conduct research, according to a mutually agreed research work-plan, which shall be funded by the Company according to a mutually agreed upon budget of at least $60,000 per year and agreed upon funding schedule for a period of not less than three years on the terms and conditions thereof. Pursuant to the term of the Grant Agreement, the Fund owns the rights to all data and inventions arising out of the research. The Company shall have the right to use all unpatented data and shall have a 90 day right of first negotiation to acquire a license to any patentable inventions arising out of the research on commercially reasonable and customary terms.

The expenses recognized in connection with the Cabaret License were $0 and $0, for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and were $0 and $0 for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

Additionally, in June 2013 the Company entered into a four year Consulting and Scientific Advisory Agreement (the “Consulting Agreement”). Pursuant to the terms of the Consulting Agreement, the Company pays a cash fee equal to $50,000 per annum payable in quarterly installments. On December 13, 2013, the Consulting Agreement was amended to provide that the Company shall also pay a cash payment equal to $135,000 upon the earlier to occur of (a) a change of control of the Company; and (b) the closing of the Company’s initial public offering of its securities. In June 2014 in connection with the close of the IPO, the Company recognized this $135,000 payment as an expense, which is anticipated to be paid in the third quarter of 2014. In addition, on December 12, 2013, the Company granted an option (the “Consulting Option”) to purchase 403,043 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price equal to $0.70 per share for a total value of $193,714. During the second quarter of 2014, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the acceleration of vesting of these options, and the Company recorded approximately $3.8 million of expense related to the accelerated vesting. The expenses recognized in connection with the Consulting Agreement were $12,500 and $12,500 for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and were $25,000 and $22,917 for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

The Company shall own all intellectual property that the consultant develops during and within the course of performing the services for the Company under the Consulting Agreement, whether alone or with others within the Company. The consultant has also agreed not to provide any consulting activities to any third parties relating to the use of adoptive cell therapy in oncology.

2014 NIH License Agreement

Pursuant to a patent license agreement with the NIH, dated May 29, 2014, the Company holds an exclusive, worldwide license to certain intellectual property related to TCR-based product candidates that target the NY-ESO-1 antigen for the treatment of any NY-ESO-1 expressing cancers. As of the date of the license, NY-ESO-1 expressing tumors can be found in the following cancers: sarcoma, urothelial carcinoma, esophageal carcinoma, non-small cell lung cancer, breast carcinoma, ovarian carcinoma, prostate carcinoma, multiple myeloma, hepatocellular carcinoma, gastric cancer, head and neck cancer, pancreatic carcinoma, brain cancer, colorectal carcinoma and melanoma.

Pursuant to the terms of this license, the Company is required to pay the NIH a cash payment in the aggregate amount of $150,000, two-thirds of which is due within sixty days of the date of the agreement and one-third of which will be payable upon the earlier to occur of (1) 18 months from the date of execution of the license and (2) the termination of the license. The Company also agreed to reimburse the NIH for past patent expenses in the aggregate amount of approximately $30,000.

12


 

The terms of this license also requires the Company to pay the NIH minimum annual royalties in the amount of $20,000. The first minimum annual royalty payment is payable on the date that is 60 days following the expiration of the CRADA, and thereafter shall be payable on each January 1. The Company is also required to make performance-based payments upon successful completion of clinical and regulatory benchmarks relating to the licensed products. The aggregate potential benchmark payments are $4.0 million, of which aggregate payments of $3.0 million are due only after marketing approval in the United States or in Europe, Japan, China or India. The first benchmark payment of $50,000 will be due upon the commencement of the Company’s first sponsored human clinical study.

In addition, the Company is required to pay the NIH one-time benchmark payments following aggregate net sales of licensed products at certain benchmarks up to $1.0 billion. The aggregate potential amount of these benchmark payments is $7.0 million. The Company must also pay the NIH royalties on net sales of products covered by the license at rates in the mid-single digits. To the extent the Company enters into a sublicensing agreement relating to a licensed product, the Company is required to pay the NIH a percentage of all consideration received from a sublicensee, which percentage will decrease based on the stage of development of the licensed product at the time of the sublicense. Any such sublicense payments shall be made in lieu of, and not in addition to, benchmark payments, and are subject to certain caps.

The license will expire upon expiration of the last patent contained in the licensed patent rights. None of the applications included in the NIH licensed patent rights have been issued yet. Any patents issuing from these applications will have a base expiration date no earlier than 2031. The NIH may terminate or modify the NIH license in the event of a material breach, including if the Company does not meet certain milestones by certain dates, or upon certain insolvency events that remain uncured following the date that is 90 days following written notice of such breach or insolvency event. The Company may terminate the license, or any portion thereof, at its sole discretion at any time upon 60 days written notice to the NIH. In addition, the NIH has the right to require the Company to sublicense the rights to the product candidates covered by this license upon certain conditions, including if the Company is not reasonably satisfying required health and safety needs or if the Company is not satisfying requirements for public use as specified by federal regulations. Also, if the NIH receives a license application with a complete commercial development plan from a third party for commercial development of a licensed product, as they pertain to licensed patent rights for which the proposed commercial development is not reasonably addressed in the Company’s commercial development plan, then the Company may have to amend its commercial development plan, enter into a joint research and development plan, sublicense the patent rights or otherwise may lose its license rights.

The expenses recognized in connection with the 2014 NIH License were $180,000 and $0 for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and were $180,000 and $0 for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, with approximately $180,000 and $0 recorded as accounts payable as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively.

 

NOTE 6—CONVERTIBLE NOTES PAYABLE

On November 30, 2012, the Company issued a 4% convertible promissory note (the “4% Note”) in the principal amount of $250,000 with an original maturity date of January 31, 2013, which was subsequently amended to May 15, 2013. The 4% Note was mandatorily convertible into shares of the Company’s equity securities upon the closing of a financing in which the Company receives cumulative gross proceeds of at least $3,000,000 (a “Qualified Financing”) through the issuance of shares of its equity securities or any securities convertible or exchangeable for equity securities, of one or more series ( “Equity Securities”). Contemporaneously with the closing of a Qualified Financing, the outstanding principal of the 4% Note and all accrued but unpaid interest shall automatically convert into the same kind of validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable Equity Securities as issued in the Qualified Financing at a conversion price equal to the per share or unit purchase price of the Qualified Financing.

In May 2013, the Company completed a Qualified Financing and the principal amount of the 4% Notes and $4,411 of accrued interest automatically converted into 137,289 shares of Series A Preferred Stock at a conversion price of $1.8531 (see Note 7).

In April 2014, the Company entered into a note purchase agreement with investors for the sale of an aggregate of $50.0 million of convertible promissory notes (the “2014 Notes”). The 2014 Notes accrued interest at a rate of 6.0% per annum.

Pursuant to the 2014 Notes agreement, in a qualified initial public offering the 2014 Notes, including interest thereon, automatically convert into a number of shares of common stock at a per share conversion price equal to (1) 90% of the initial public offering price, if the qualified initial public offering occurs prior to December 31, 2014. In June 2014, as a result of the IPO, the $50.0 million principal amount of the 2014 Notes plus accrued interest of approximately $0.5 million automatically converted into 3,300,735 shares of the Company’s common shares at a conversion price of $15.30 per share which was a discount of 10% to the initial offering price of $17.00. The Company recognized a charge to interest expense and additional paid-in capital of $5,611,725 related to this beneficial conversion feature at the time of conversion. 

 

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NOTE 7—STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Series A Preferred Stock Financing

On May 10, 2013, the Company completed a private placement (the “Series A Financing”) in which it issued an aggregate of 20,315,397 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock of the Company (the “Series A Preferred Shares”). In connection with the Series A Financing, the Company issued 10,792,725 Series A Preferred Shares at a purchase price of $1.8531 per share for gross proceeds of $19,999,999 less issuance costs of $148,741. Included in the gross proceeds was the conversion of the 4% Notes and accrued interest totaling $254,411. In addition, pursuant to the terms of the Convertible Securities from the 2011 Financing (defined below), the aggregate principal amount of $14,995,525 converted into 9,522,672 Series A Preferred Shares at a conversion price equal to $1.5751, representing a 15% discount to the purchase price. Additionally, the Company issued warrants (the “Series A Warrants”) to purchase an aggregate of 159,049 Series A Preferred Shares, of which certain designees of Riverbank Capital Securities, Inc. (“Riverbank”) received 148,146 (see Note 9). As of May 10, 2013, the date of issue, the Series A Warrants were valued at $122,500.

The terms, conditions, privileges, rights and preferences of the Series A Preferred Shares are described in a Certificate of Designation filed with the Secretary of State of Delaware on May 10, 2013.

Along with the holders of common stock, the holders of Series A Preferred Shares were entitled to one vote on all matters submitted to the holders of common stock for each share of common stock into which the Series A Preferred Shares would be converted as of the record date for such vote based on the conversion ratio then in effect. In addition, the holders of the Series A Preferred Shares were entitled to vote as a separate class with respect to any change in the rights of the Series A Preferred Shares, any amendment to the Company’s certificate of incorporation, any increase in the number of shares of Series A Preferred Shares, or the authorization, creation or issuance of any class or series of capital stock ranking senior to or of equal seniority with the Series A Preferred Shares.

In connection with the Series A Financing, two new members were appointed to the Board of Directors. In addition, for so long as at least 2,000,000 Series A Preferred Shares remained outstanding, the holders of the Series A Preferred Shares voting as a separate class, were entitled to elect one (1) member of the Board. Moreover, for so long as at least 2,000,000 Series A Preferred Shares remained outstanding, the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of the Series A Preferred Shares then outstanding were required for the Company to take certain corporate actions.

The holders of Series A Preferred Shares were entitled to an annual per share cumulative dividend equal to 6% of the Stated Value (as defined) of each share of Series A Preferred Shares, and which the Company could elect to pay in the form of additional shares of common stock in lieu of cash. The holders of Series A Preferred Shares were entitled to payment of all accrued dividends prior to the payment of any dividends to the holders of common stock. As of December 31, 2013, the amount for the Series A Preferred Shares dividend was $1,435,723.

Each Series A Preferred Share was convertible into shares of common stock, at any time at the option of the holder thereof and without payment of any additional consideration. Each Series A Preferred Share automatically converted into shares of common stock immediately prior to the closing of the IPO. As a result of the IPO completed in June 2014, 20,315,397 Series A Preferred Shares outstanding at that time converted into an equivalent number of shares of the Company’s common stock on a one-to-one basis.  In addition, the Company issued 78,509 shares of its common stock in satisfaction of the $2,524,894 in accrued dividends, which was based on the price of the Company’s stock on the date of the closing of the IPO.

Beginning six months after the IPO, certain holders of our common stock may request in writing that the Company effect the registration of such Registrable Securities (as defined) under the Securities Act. Upon receipt of such written notice, the Company shall promptly use its best efforts to effect the registration.     

Convertible Securities

On February 25, 2011, the Company completed a private placement offering of convertible securities (the “Convertible Securities”) in which it received gross proceeds equal to $14,999,525 (the “2011 Financing”). The original maturity date of the Convertible Securities was two years from the date of issuance, which was subsequently amended to May 15, 2013.

The Company incurred issuance costs of $806,396 of which approximately $770,220 related to placement agent fees paid of $673,420 and warrants with a fair value of $96,800 to be issued to Riverbank, a FINRA member broker dealer and a related party controlled by certain officers and/or directors of the Company (see Note 9), which acted as placement agent for the Company in connection with the issuance of the Convertible Securities. These financing costs were netted against the Convertible Securities upon the closing of the financing.

14


 

The Convertible Securities were unsecured obligations that were mandatorily convertible into shares of the Company’s equity securities upon the closing of a subsequent financing (the “Subsequent Financing”) in which the Company raised at least $5,000,000 through the issuance of equity securities, at a conversion price equal to the lesser of (i) 85% of the per share price of the Subsequent Financing securities, and (ii) the Conversion Price, as defined below. The Convertible Securities would mandatorily convert on May 15, 2013 into shares of common stock of the Company at a conversion price of $1.31 in the event the Company has not completed a Subsequent Financing. The Convertible Securities were also convertible at the election of the holder into shares of the Company’s common stock at any time prior to a mandatory conversion event at a per share conversion price (the “Conversion Price”) of $2.61.

As a result of the Series A Financing, the Convertible Securities converted into 9,522,672 Series A Preferred Shares at a conversion price of $1.5751 per share which was a discount of 15% to the purchase price of $1.8531. The Company recognized a charge to additional paid-in capital and retained earnings of $2,646,970 related to this contingent beneficial conversion feature at the time of conversion.

Restricted Common Stock

Pursuant to the terms of an employment agreement (the “Employment Agreement”) entered into with the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer from September 1, 2010 until her resignation in December 2013, on September 1, 2010, the Company issued to Dr. Jakobovits 480,000 shares of restricted common stock (the “Restricted Shares”). In February 2011, upon the completion of a private placement offering, 12.5% of the Restricted Shares vested. The remaining 87.5% of the Restricted Shares vest over four years with 25% of such remaining shares vesting upon the first anniversary of the Employment Agreement and 1/36 th of such remaining Restricted Shares vesting on each subsequent one-month anniversary of the agreement. The Restricted Shares were determined to have a total fair value of $24,000 on grant date as estimated by the Company’s Board of Directors based on various factors, including the Company’s early development stage, net working capital position and lack of any licensed compounds at the time of the grant. The compensation expense recognized related to the vesting of the Restricted Shares was $0 and $1,313 for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and was $0 and $2,625 for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. In December 2013, Dr. Jakobovits resigned from the Company, and 78,750 Restricted Shares were forfeited.

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

During June 2014, the Company’s Board of Directors and stockholders approved and adopted the 2014 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”). The ESPP became effective and the first purchase period began on June 19, 2014. Stock compensation expense related to the ESPP was immaterial for the three month period ended June 30, 2014.

A maximum of 360,000 shares of our common stock may be sold pursuant to purchase rights under the ESPP, subject to adjustment for stock splits, stock dividends, and comparable restructuring activities.  The ESPP also includes an “evergreen” feature, which provides that an additional number of shares will automatically be added to the shares authorized for issuance under the ESPP on January 1st of each year, beginning on the first January 1 immediately following the effective date of June 19, 2014 and ending on (and including) January 1, 2024. The number of shares added each calendar year will be the lesser of (a) 1% of the total number of shares of the Company’s capital stock (including all classes of the Company’s common stock) outstanding on December 31st of the preceding calendar year, and (b) 720,000 shares.  However, the Board may decide to approve a lower number of shares (including no shares) before January 1 of any year.

The stock purchasable under the ESPP will be shares of authorized but unissued or reacquired common stock, including shares repurchased by the Company on the open market. If a purchase right under the ESPP terminates without having been exercised in full, any shares not purchased under that purchase right will again become available for issuance under the ESPP.

 

NOTE 8—STOCK BASED COMPENSATION

In 2009, the Company established an equity incentive plan (the “Plan”) pursuant to which incentives may be granted to officers, employees, directors, consultants and advisors. Incentives under the Plan may be granted in any one or a combination of the following forms: (a) incentive stock options and non-statutory stock options; (b) stock appreciation rights; (c) stock awards; (d) restricted stock; and (e) performance shares.

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The Plan is administered by the Board of Directors of the Company or a committee appointed by the Board of Directors, which determines the types of awards to be granted, including the number of shares subject to the awards, the exercise price and the vesting schedule. As of December 31, 2013, the number of shares of common stock, which may be granted under the Plan, shall not exceed 4,625,000. In March 2014, the Board of Directors approved an amendment to increase the shares of common stock issuable under the Plan to 6,500,000 shares. In June 2014, the Board of Directors approved an amendment and restatement of the Plan, increasing the shares of common stock issuable under the Plan to 9,150,000 shares as well as allowing for an automatic annual increase to the shares issuable under the Plan to the lower of (i) 5% of the total number of shares of common stock outstanding on December 31 of the preceding calendar year; or (ii) a lower number determined by the Board of Directors (which can also be zero). The term of any stock option granted under the Plan cannot exceed 10 years. Options shall not have an exercise price less than 100% of the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the grant date, and generally vest over a period of four years. If the individual possesses more than 10% of the combined voting power of all classes of stock of the Company, the exercise price shall not be less than 110% of the fair market of a common share of stock on the date of grant.

A summary of the status of the options issued under the Plan as of June 30, 2014, and information with respect to the changes in options outstanding is as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

OPTIONS OUTSTANDING

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIGHTED-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIGHTED-

 

 

AVERAGE

 

 

AGGREGATE

 

 

SHARES

 

 

OUTSTANDING

 

 

AVERAGE

 

 

REMAINING

 

 

INTRINSIC

 

 

AVAILABLE

 

 

STOCK

 

 

EXERCISE

 

 

CONTRACTUAL

 

 

VALUE

 

 

FOR GRANT

 

 

OPTIONS

 

 

PRICE

 

 

LIFE (YEARS)

 

 

(IN THOUSANDS)

 

Balance at January 1, 2014

 

1,758,612

 

 

 

2,767,222

 

 

 

0.63

 

 

 

9.2

 

 

$

1,980

 

Authorized under the Plans

 

4,525,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Granted under the Plans

 

(4,152,350

)

 

 

4,152,350

 

 

 

3.88

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

 

 

(2,662,395

)

 

 

1.10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Surrendered/Cancelled

 

169,271

 

 

 

(169,271

)

 

 

0.70

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2014

 

2,300,533

 

 

 

4,087,906

 

 

$

3.63

 

 

 

9.4

 

 

$

103,401

 

Exercisable at June 30, 2014

 

 

 

 

 

819,590

 

 

$

0.86

 

 

 

8.8

 

 

$

22,994

 

  

The fair value of each stock option granted has been determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The material factors incorporated in the Black-Scholes model in estimating the fair value of the options granted during the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 included the following:

 

 

SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30,

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

Risk-free interest rate

1.62 - 1.72%

 

 

 

0.83%

 

Expected volatility

74.5% - 76.4%

 

 

 

79.0%

 

Expected life

6 years

 

 

6 years

 

Expected dividend yield

 

0%

 

 

 

0%

 

Stock price

 

$1.35 - $17.00

 

 

 

$0.38

 

 

Due to the Company’s lack of sufficient history as a publicly traded company, management’s estimate of expected volatility is based on the average volatilities of a sampling of five companies with similar attributes to the Company, including: industry, stage of life cycle, size and financial leverage.

Stock-based compensation for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 is as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

 

THREE MONTHS ENDED

 

 

SIX MONTHS  ENDED

 

 

JUNE 30,

 

 

JUNE 30,

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

General and administrative

$

2,284

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

2,435

 

 

$

3

 

 

Research and development

 

4,760

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

4,806

 

 

 

27

 

 

Total

$

7,044

 

 

$

10

 

 

$

7,241

 

 

$

30

 

 

  

The weighted-average grant date fair values per share of options granted under the Plan were $10.36 and $0 for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and were $7.74, and $0.26 for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

16


 

The fair value of options vested under the Plan were $5.1 million and $0.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and were $5.3 million and $0.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

As of June 30, 2014, total compensation expense not yet recognized related to stock option grants amounted to approximately $33.8 million which will be recognized over the next four years. Additionally, 2,195,754 options that were early exercised for a total proceeds of $2.6 million were unvested, and were recorded as a current and long term liability based on their vesting date on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding as of June 30, 2014:

 

 

 

OUTSTANDING

 

 

EXERCISABLE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIGHTED-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AVERAGE

 

 

WEIGHTED-

 

 

 

 

 

 

WEIGHTED-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REMAINING

 

 

AVERAGE

 

 

 

 

 

 

AVERAGE

 

EXERCISE PRICE

 

TOTAL SHARES

 

 

CONTRACTUAL LIFE

 

 

EXERCISE PRICE

 

 

TOTAL SHARES

 

 

EXERCISE PRICE

 

$0.05

 

 

2,500

 

 

 

5.9

 

 

$

0.05

 

 

 

2,500

 

 

$

0.05

 

  0.38

 

 

497,708

 

 

 

7.7

 

 

 

0.38

 

 

 

258,495

 

 

 

0.38

 

  0.70

 

 

1,088,043

 

 

 

9.3

 

 

 

0.70

 

 

 

477,210

 

 

 

0.70

 

  1.35

 

 

1,242,894

 

 

 

9.7

 

 

 

1.35

 

 

 

51,385

 

 

 

1.35

 

  6.89

 

 

907,250

 

 

 

7.3

 

 

 

6.89

 

 

 

30,000

 

 

 

6.89

 

 17.00

 

 

349,511

 

 

 

2.8

 

 

 

17.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

17.00

 

Total

 

 

4,087,906

 

 

 

9.4

 

 

$

3.63

 

 

 

819,590

 

 

$

0.86

 

  

 

 

NOTE 9—RELATED PARTIES

On June 1, 2009, the Company entered into a services agreement with Two River Consulting, LLC (“TRC”) to provide various clinical development, operational, managerial, accounting and financial and administrative services to the Company. The Company’s Chairman of the Board of Directors, CEO and President, a director of the Company, and the Company’s Secretary are each partners of TRC. The costs incurred for these services were $110,000 and $55,850 for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and were $180,000 and $135,850 for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

In addition from time-to-time, some of the Company’s expenses are paid by TRC. The Company reimburses TRC for these expenses and no interest is charged on the outstanding balance. Reimbursable expenses were $6,208 and $8,407 for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and were $24,209 and $10,970 for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

As of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company had a payable to TRC of $186,208 and $70,899, respectively. The amounts are recorded as other current liabilities on the balance sheet. All balances owed as of December 31, 2013 were paid in full during the first quarter of 2014 and all balances owed as of June 30, 2014 are expected to be paid in full during the third quarter of 2014.

In connection with the 2011 Financing, the Company entered into an engagement agreement between the Company and Riverbank (the “Engagement Agreement”). Pursuant to the terms of the Engagement Agreement, the Company paid Riverbank a cash fee equal to $673,420 in connection with the issuance of the Series A Preferred Shares (see Note 7). In addition, pursuant to the terms of the Engagement Agreement, in connection with the Subsequent Financing completed in May 2013, the Company issued to certain designees of Riverbank, Series A Warrants to purchase 148,146 Series A Preferred Shares, which represents five percent (5%) of the aggregate number of Series A Preferred Shares into which the Convertible Securities sold in the 2011 Financing converted. The Series A Warrants were exercisable for Series A Preferred Shares for five years at an exercise price equal to $1.73. The Engagement Agreement contained terms which required the Company to issue warrants to Riverbank based on a Subsequent Financing. This was considered a derivate liability and accounted for at fair value due to the fact that the terms of issuance could not be set until a Subsequent Financing had been completed. The fair value of this provision was $96,800 on the date of the 2011 Financing and was recorded as additional issuance costs.

As of May 10, 2013, the provision was valued at $122,500. Following the issuance of the Series A Warrants, the provisions of the Engagement Agreement were no longer considered a derivative liability and the balance of $122,500 was charged to additional paid-in capital.

17


 

Management used the following assumptions for the Black-Scholes valuation of the Series A Warrants:

 

 

MAY 10,

 

 

2013

 

Weighted-average term

5.0 years

 

Volatility

 

75%

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

0.82%

 

Dividend yield

 

6%

 

 

In connection with the IPO and the conversion of the Series A Preferred Shares into common stock, these warrants converted to warrants that are exercisable for shares of common stock at an exercise price equal to $2.04.

 

NOTE 10—COMMITMENTS

In the normal course of business, the Company enters into contracts that contain a variety of indemnifications with its employees, licensors, suppliers and service providers. Further, the Company indemnifies its directors and officers who are, or were, serving at the Company’s request in such capacities. The Company’s maximum exposure under these arrangements is unknown as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013. The Company does not anticipate recognizing any significant losses relating to these arrangements.

From time-to-time, the Company may be subject to routine litigation and claims arising in the ordinary course of its business. Management does not believe that any such matters will have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Lease

On May 9, 2013, the Company entered into a lease agreement for a 20,000 square foot facility to be used for administrative and research and development activities. The lease commenced on June 15, 2013 and has a 10-year initial term expiring on June 15, 2023. The lease also contains options for the Company to extend the lease upon its initial expiration. In connection with the lease, the Company made a one-time cash security deposit in the amount of $100,000.

The office lease also provides for rent abatements and scheduled increases in base rent. Rent expense charged to operations were $167,978 and $56,632 for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively and were $335,955 and $88,263 for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively.

Employment Agreements

On January 28, 2014 (the “Effective Date”), the Company entered into an employment agreement (the “CFO Employment Agreement”) with its Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer (the “CFO”). Pursuant to the terms of the CFO Employment Agreement, the CFO shall be paid a base salary equal to $325,000 and shall be eligible for an annual target bonus equal to 40% of base salary. In addition, the Company paid the CFO a cash bonus equal to $50,000 upon the successful completion of the IPO. The Company paid the CFO $100,000 in connection with their relocation to Los Angeles, which shall be repaid to the Company under certain circumstances. On March 25, 2014, the Company granted the CFO stock options to purchase 507,960 shares of common stock of the Company, par value $0.001 per share. The exercise price per share of the options is $1.35 with a 10-year term and shall vest and become exercisable in accordance with the CFO Employment Agreement.  In March 2014, the CFO was appointed as the Company’s Chief Operating Officer. In connection with the IPO, the CFO’s base salary was increased to $375,000 and the Company granted the CFO stock options to purchase an additional 149,511 shares of common stock, with an exercise price equal to $17.00.On March 25, 2014, the Company entered into an employment agreement (the “CEO Employment Agreement”) with Arie Belldegrun, M.D., the Company’s Executive Chairman, pursuant to which Dr. Belldegrun was appointed as the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer. Pursuant to the terms of the CEO Employment Agreement, Dr. Belldegrun shall be paid a base salary equal to $400,000 and shall be eligible for an annual target bonus equal 50% of his base salary. The Company also granted Dr. Belldegrun a non-statutory option to purchase 1,580,129 shares of common stock of the Company, par value $0.001 per share pursuant to the Plan at a per share exercise price equal to $1.35, representing the fair market value per share of the Company’s common stock as of the grant date. The options have a 10-year term and shall vest and become exercisable in accordance with the CEO Employment Agreement.

On April 2, 2014, Dr. Belldegrun elected to early exercise all of his stock options for a total exercise price of approximately $2.7 million.

18


 

On May 22, 2014 (the “Effective Date”), the Company entered into an employment agreement (the “CMO Employment Agreement”) with David Chang, M.D., Ph.D. to serve as the Company’s Executive Vice President of Research and Development and Chief Medical Officer (the “EVP of R&D and CMO”). Pursuant to the terms of the CMO Employment Agreement, the EVP of R&D and CMO shall be paid a base salary equal to $375,000 and shall be eligible for an annual target bonus equal to 40% of his base salary. On June 6, 2014, the Company granted the EVP of R&D and CMO stock options to purchase 300,000 shares of common stock of the Company, par value $0.001 per share pursuant to the Plan. The options have a 10-year term, an exercise price equal to $6.89 and shall vest and become exercisable in accordance with the CMO Employment Agreement. On June 6, 2014, the Company granted the EVP of R&D and CMO additional options (the “Performance Options”) to purchase 50,000 shares, which have a 10-year term, an exercise price equal to $6.89 and shall vest and become exercisable upon the dosing of the first patient in the first company sponsored multi-center Phase 2 clinical trial of the Company’s anti-CD19 CAR product candidate .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19


 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed financial statements and related notes included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the audited financial statements and notes thereto as of and for the year ended December 31, 2013 and the related Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, both of which are contained in our final prospectus filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, on June 20, 2014 relating to our Registration Statement on Form S-1, as amended (File No. 333-196081) for our initial public offering, or IPO. Unless the context requires otherwise, references in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Kite Pharma, Inc.

Forward-Looking Statements

The information in this discussion contains forward-looking statements and information within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, which are subject to the “safe harbor” created by those sections. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements concerning our strategy, future operations, future financial position, future revenues, projected costs, prospects and plans and objectives of management. The words “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “projects,” “will,” “would” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. We may not actually achieve the plans, intentions or expectations disclosed in our forward-looking statements and you should not place undue reliance on our forward-looking statements. Actual results or events could differ materially from the plans, intentions and expectations disclosed in the forward-looking statements that we make. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, the risks set forth in Part II, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and in our other filings with the SEC. The forward-looking statements are applicable only as of the date on which they are made, and we do not assume any obligation to update any forward-looking statements.

OVERVIEW

We are a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the development and commercialization of novel cancer immunotherapy products designed to harness the power of a patient’s own immune system to eradicate cancer cells. We do this using our engineered autologous cell therapy, or eACT, which we believe is a market-redefining approach to the treatment of cancer. eACT involves the genetic engineering of T cells to express either chimeric antigen receptors, or CARs, or T cell receptors, or TCRs. These modified T cells are designed to recognize and destroy cancer cells. We have a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement, or CRADA, with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, as represented by the National Cancer Institute, or the NCI, through which we are funding the research and development of eACT-based product candidates utilizing CARs and TCRs for the treatment of advanced solid and hematological malignancies. We currently fund multiple early single phase (1-2a and 2) clinical trials of CAR- and TCR-based therapies that are each being conducted by our collaborator, the Surgery Branch of the NCI. We plan to conduct a company-sponsored multicenter Phase 1-2 clinical trial in 2015 for our lead product candidate KTE-C19, a CAR-based therapy, in patients with relapsed/refractory diffuse large B cell lymphoma, or DLBCL.

Recent Developments

On June 25, 2014, we completed our IPO, whereby we sold a total of 8,625,000 common shares at $17.00 per share for net proceeds of approximately $134.1 million after underwriting discounts, commissions and offering costs. This amount includes the full exercise of the option to purchase 1,125,000 additional shares of our common stock by our underwriters.

Upon completion of our IPO, (1) all outstanding shares of our Series A convertible preferred stock, plus accrued dividends, were converted into 20,393,906 shares of common stock, (2) all outstanding warrants to purchase Series A convertible preferred stock converted into warrants to purchase 159,049 shares of common stock and (3) we issued 3,300,735 shares of common stock as a result of the automatic conversion of the $50.0 million aggregate principal amount of convertible promissory notes issued in April 2014, or the 2014 Notes, plus accrued interest thereon.

20


 

OUR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AND LICENSE AGREEMENTS

 

Pursuant to the CRADA, we have an option to negotiate commercialization licenses from the National Institutes of Health, or the NIH, to intellectual property relating to CAR- and TCR-based product candidates developed in the course of the CRADA research plan.  We currently have two patent license agreements with the NIH for intellectual property relating to various TCR-based product candidates and a CAR-based product candidate.  We also have a license agreement with Cabaret Biotech Ltd., or Cabaret, and its founder relating to intellectual property and know-how owned or licensed by Cabaret and relating to CAR constructs that encompass KTE-C19. For additional information regarding the CRADA and our license agreements, see Note 5 to our financial statements appearing elsewhere in this Form 10-Q.

COMPONENTS OF OPERATING RESULTS

Revenues

To date, we have not generated any revenue. In the future, we may generate revenue from a combination of product sales, government or other third-party funding, marketing and distribution arrangements and other collaborations, strategic alliances and licensing arrangements or a combination of these approaches. We expect that any revenue we generate will fluctuate from quarter to quarter as a result of the timing and amount of license fees, milestone and other payments, and the amount and timing of payments that we receive upon the sale of our products, to the extent any are successfully commercialized. If we fail to complete the development of our product candidates in a timely manner or obtain regulatory approval of them, our ability to generate future revenue, and our results of operations and financial position, will be materially adversely affected.

Research and Development Expenses

To date, our research and development expenses have related primarily to the development of eACT. Research and development expenses consist of expenses incurred in performing research and development activities, including compensation and benefits for research and development employees and consultants, facilities expenses, overhead expenses, cost of laboratory supplies, manufacturing expenses, fees paid to third parties, including the NCI and contract research organizations.

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. Clinical trial and other development costs incurred by third parties are expensed as the contracted work is performed. We accrue for costs incurred as the services are being provided by monitoring the status of the trial or project and the invoices received from our external service providers. We adjust our accrual as actual costs become known. Where contingent milestone payments are due to third parties under research and development arrangements and license agreements, the milestone payment obligations are expensed when the milestone results are achieved.

Research and development activities are central to our business model. Product candidates in later stages of clinical development generally have higher development costs than those in earlier stages of clinical development, primarily due to the increased size and duration of later-stage clinical trials. We expect our research and development expenses to increase over the next several years as we seek to conduct our planned Phase 1-2 single-arm multicenter clinical trial of KTE-C19 in subjects with DLBCL who have failed two or more lines of therapy and a randomized clinical trial to evaluate KTE-C19 as a second line treatment of DLBCL, and as we selectively identify and develop additional product candidates. However, it is difficult to determine with certainty the duration and completion costs of our current or future preclinical programs and clinical trials of our product candidates.

The duration, costs and timing of clinical trials and development of our product candidates will depend on a variety of factors that include, but are not limited to, the following:

per patient trial costs;

the number of patients that participate in the trials;

the number of sites included in the trials;

the countries in which the trials are conducted;

the length of time required to enroll eligible patients;

the number of doses that patients receive;

the drop-out or discontinuation rates of patients;

potential additional safety monitoring or other studies requested by regulatory agencies;

the duration of patient follow-up; and

the efficacy and safety profile of the product candidates.

21


 

In addition, the probability of success for each product candidate will depend on numerous factors, including competition, manufacturing capability and commercial viability. We will determine which programs to pursue and how much to fund each program in response to the scientific and clinical success of each product candidate, as well as an assessment of each product candidate’s commercial potential.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and other related costs, including stock-based compensation, for personnel in executive, finance, accounting, business development and human resources functions. Other significant costs include facility costs not otherwise included in research and development expenses, legal fees relating to corporate matters and fees for accounting and consulting services.

We anticipate that our general and administrative expenses will increase in the future to support our continued research and development activities, potential commercialization of our product candidates and the increased costs of operating as a public company. These increases will likely include increased costs related to the hiring of additional personnel and fees to outside consultants, lawyers and accountants, among other expenses. The increased costs associated with being a public company include expenses related to services associated with maintaining compliance with NASDAQ listing rules and SEC requirements, insurance and investor relations costs.

Critical Accounting Policies and Significant Judgments and Estimates

The preparation of our unaudited condensed financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, and the revenues and expenses incurred during the reported periods. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other factors that we believe are relevant under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities that are not apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. We discussed accounting policies and assumptions that involve a higher degree of judgment and complexity in Note 3 to our financial statements in our Registration Statement on Form S-1, as amended (File No. 333-196081). There have been no material changes to our critical accounting policies and estimates of those disclosed in our Registration Statement on Form S-1.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Comparison of the Three Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013

The following table sets forth our results of operations for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013.

 

 

THREE MONTHS

 

 

 

 

 

 

ENDED JUNE 30,

 

 

CHANGE

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

$

 

 

(unaudited, in thousands)

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

$

7,424

 

 

$

1,146

 

 

$

6,278

 

General and administrative

 

3,716

 

 

 

287

 

 

 

3,429

 

Total operating expenses

 

11,140

 

 

 

1,433

 

 

 

9,707

 

Loss from operations

 

(11,140

)

 

 

(1,433

)

 

 

(9,707

)

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

47

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

43

 

Interest expense

 

(6,266

)

 

 

(1

)

 

 

(6,265

)

Other (expense) income

 

1

 

 

 

(7

)

 

 

8

 

Total other income (expense)

 

(6,218

)

 

 

(4

)

 

 

(6,214

)

Net loss

$

(17,358

)

 

$

(1,437

)

 

$

(15,921

)

22


 

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses were $7.4 million and $1.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The increase in research and development expenses during this period of $6.3 million was primarily due to:

$4.7 million in stock based compensation expense related to our research and development staff;

$0.9 million in compensation expense related to increased research and development staff and consultant costs; and

$0.5 million in costs related to our eACT development program.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses were $3.7 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The increase in general and administrative expenses during this period of $3.4 million was primarily due to:

$2.3 million of stock based compensation expenses related to our administrative personnel;

$0.7 million of expenses related to increased personnel costs, including employees and consultants;

$0.1 million related to increased occupancy costs; and

$0.1 million related to increased travel costs.

Interest Expense

Interest expense was $6.3 million and $1,096 for the three months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The increase in interest expense during this period of $6.3 million was primarily due to the beneficial conversion feature on the 2014 Notes, as further described under Note 6 to our financial statements appearing elsewhere in this Form 10-Q.

Comparison of the Six Months Ended June 30, 2014 and 2013

The following table sets forth our results of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013.

 

 

SIX MONTHS

 

 

 

 

 

 

ENDED JUNE 30,

 

 

CHANGE

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

$

 

 

(unaudited, in thousands)

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

$

9,516

 

 

$

2,022

 

 

$

7,494

 

General and administrative

 

4,786

 

 

 

500

 

 

 

4,286

 

Total operating expenses

 

14,302

 

 

 

2,522

 

 

 

11,780

 

Loss from operations

 

(14,302

)

 

 

(2,522

)

 

 

(11,780

)

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

68

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

59

 

Interest expense

 

(6,266

)

 

 

(4

)

 

 

(6,262

)

Other (expense) income

 

1

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

(18

)

Total other income (expense)

 

(6,197

)

 

 

24

 

 

 

(6,221

)

Net loss

$

(20,499

)

 

$

(2,498

)

 

$

(18,001

)

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses were $9.5 million and $2.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The increase in research and development expenses during this period of $7.5 million was primarily due to:

$4.8 million in stock based compensation expense related to our research and development staff;

$1.2 million in compensation expense related to increased research and development staff and consultant costs; and

$0.7 million in costs related to our eACT development program.

23


 

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses were $4.8 million and $0.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The increase in general and administrative expenses during this period of $4.3 million was primarily due to:

$2.4 million of stock based compensation expenses related to our administrative personnel;

$1.1 million of expenses related to increased personnel costs, including employees and consultants;

$0.4 million related to increased corporate expenses, primarily related to NASDAQ listing and investor relations.

Interest Expense

Interest expense was $6.3 million and $3,562 for the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The increase in interest expense during this period of $6.3 million was primarily due to the beneficial conversion feature on the 2014 Notes, as further described under Note 6 to our financial statements appearing elsewhere in this Form 10-Q.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Prior to our IPO, we primarily funded our operations through private placements of convertible preferred stock and convertible notes. In February 2011, March 2011 and November 2012, we issued and sold convertible promissory notes in the aggregate principal amount of $15.3 million. In May 2013, the aggregate principal amount of approximately $15.0 million of convertible notes converted into 9,522,672 shares of Series A convertible preferred stock at a conversion price equal to $1.5751, representing a 15% discount to the purchase price, and the November 2012 note converted into 137,289 shares of Series A convertible preferred stock at a conversion price of $1.8531. We also issued an additional 10,655,436 shares of our Series A convertible preferred stock for $1.8531 per share and received $19.6 million in net proceeds. In April 2014, we issued and sold the 2014 Notes in the aggregate principal amount of $50.0 million. In addition, we received approximately $3.0 million in connection with the exercise of options by certain of our executive officers in April 2014, which includes the exercise by Dr. Belldegrun, our Founder and Chief Executive Officer, of all of his options for $2.7 million.

On June 25, 2014, we completed our IPO and sold 7,500,000 shares of our common stock at a price of $17.00 per share. Additionally, the underwriters exercised their option to purchase additional shares for an additional 1,125,000 shares at $17.00 per share. As a result of our IPO, we raised a total of approximately $134.1 million in net proceeds after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of $10.3 million and offering expenses of $2.2 million. Costs directly associated with our IPO were capitalized and recorded as deferred IPO costs prior to the completion of our IPO. These costs have been recorded as a reduction of the proceeds received from the IPO. Upon completion of our IPO, (1) all outstanding shares of our Series A convertible preferred stock, plus accrued dividends, were converted into 20,393,906 shares of common stock, (2) all outstanding warrants to purchase Series A convertible preferred stock converted into warrants to purchase 159,049 shares of common stock and (3) we issued 3,300,735 shares of common stock as a result of the automatic conversion of the $50.0 million aggregate principal amount of the 2014 Notes, plus accrued interest thereon.

As of June 30, 2014, we had $203.4 million in cash and cash equivalents. Cash in excess of immediate requirements is invested in accordance with our investment policy, primarily with a view to liquidity and capital preservation.

We have incurred losses since our inception in 2009 and, as of June 30, 2014, we had an accumulated deficit of $35.9 million. We anticipate that we will continue to incur losses for at least the next several years. Our primary uses of capital are, and we expect will continue to be, compensation and related expenses, third-party clinical research and development services, laboratory and related supplies, clinical costs, legal and other regulatory expenses and general overhead costs.

Because eACT is still in the early stages of clinical and preclinical development and the outcome of these efforts is uncertain, we cannot estimate the actual amounts necessary to successfully complete the development and commercialization of product candidates or whether, or when, we may achieve profitability. Until such time, if ever, as we can generate substantial product revenue, we expect to finance our cash needs through a combination of equity or debt financings and collaboration arrangements.

24


 

Cash Flows

The following table sets forth the significant sources and uses of cash for the periods set forth below:

 

 

SIX MONTHS ENDED

 

 

JUNE 30,

 

 

2014

 

 

2013

 

 

(unaudited, in thousands)

 

Net cash provided by (used in):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating activities

$

(6,558

)

 

$

(2,321

)

Investing activities

 

(1,002

)

 

 

(1

)

Financing activities

 

188,600

 

 

 

19,597

 

Net change in cash and cash equivalents

$

181,040

 

 

$

17,275

 

Operating activities

Net cash used in operating activities was $6.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014 as compared to $2.3 million during the six months ended June 30, 2013. The increase in cash used in operating activities of $4.3 million between the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 was primarily the result of increased operating expenses due to additional headcount, payment of annual bonuses, insurance premiums, facilities related costs, and payments made under the Cabaret license and other research and development and clinical activities.

Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities was $1.0 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014 as compared to $1,000  during the six months ended June 30, 2013. The increase in cash used in investing activities of $1.0 million between the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 was primarily the result of the acquisition of laboratory equipment.

Financing Activities

Net cash provided by financing activities was $188.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2014 as compared to $19.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2013. The increase in cash provided by financing activities of $169.0 million between the six months ended June 30, 2014 and 2013 was primarily the result of proceeds from our IPO and the 2014 Notes.

CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS AND COMMITMENTS

There have been no material changes to our contractual obligations and commitments outside the ordinary course of business from those disclosed under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Contractual Obligations” in our final prospectus dated June 19, 2014 filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) of the Securities Act with the SEC on June 20, 2014.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

During the periods presented we did not have, nor do we currently have, any off-balance sheet arrangements as defined under SEC rules.

 

ITEM 3: QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

The market risk inherent in our financial instruments and in our financial position represents the potential loss arising from adverse changes in interest rates. As of June 30, 2014, we had cash and cash equivalents of $203.4 million. We generally hold our cash in interest-bearing money market accounts. Our primary exposure to market risk is interest rate sensitivity, which is affected by changes in the general level of U.S. interest rates. Due to the short-term maturities of our cash equivalents and the low risk profile of our investments, an immediate 100 basis point change in interest rates would not have a material effect on the fair market value of our cash equivalents.

 

25


 

ITEM 4: CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, after evaluating the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or Exchange Act) as of June 30, 2014, have concluded that, based on such evaluation, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

No change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(d) and 15d-15(d) under the Exchange Act) occurred during the three months ended June 30, 2014 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

 

26


 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

None.

 

Item 1A. RISK FACTORS.

An investment in shares of our common stock involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the following risk factors, as well as the other information in this report, before deciding whether to purchase, hold or sell shares of our common stock. The occurrence of any of the following risks could harm our business, financial condition, results of operations and/or